Guide to Spinal Cord Injuries

Allen BeasleyJanuary 21, 2022

Spinal Cord Contusions & Compressions

There are a variety of symptoms associated with spinal cord contusions and compressions. Treatment depends on the type of injury and the extent of the damage. In some cases, cold therapy may relieve pain and promote decompression. This treatment can be done with traditional cold wraps and compresses or using cryotherapy. If a patient has symptoms that are more severe, such as bilateral muscle weakness, loss of deep tendon reflexes, or bowel or bladder incontinence, a detailed workup may be needed.

Treatment for spinal cord contusions and compressions depends on the type of damage and the severity of symptoms. The condition is typically treatable with rest and monitoring. However, if the inflammation is severe, surgery will likely be required to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord and drain the blood hematoma. In addition, patients may require corticosteroids to reduce swelling and prevent further damage. Unfortunately, in some cases, the condition can be so severe that further treatment will be necessary.

While spinal cord contusions are not life-threatening, they are painful. The spinal cord can become inflamed, swollen, and damaged, resulting in severe pain and inability to move. When spinal pressure is excessive, it can cause heart issues and disrupt nerve impulses. Because of the severity of these injuries, proper treatment is essential to restore mobility. Once you receive the proper treatment, your condition should improve within a few days to a week.

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Cauda equina syndrome causes dislocation of the spinal cord and numbness in the legs. Symptoms of the disorder include bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. They may also result from a herniated disc. The diagnosis of cauda equina syndrome requires careful evaluation. The medical professional should be consulted in cases of severe weakness of the legs and numbness of the anal and genital regions.

The diagnosis of cauda equina syndrome is based on the presence of a herniated disc, lumbar puncture, or spinal stenosis. This condition is caused by compression of nerve roots that originate from the lower back. In severe cases, the affected leg may become paralyzed. Neurosurgeons treat cauda equina syndrome with surgery to relieve pressure on the affected nerves and to repair the spinal canal.

Symptoms of cauda equina syndrome vary but are usually similar to those of other spinal conditions. Patients may experience problems with their bladder or bowel. Other complications include the inability to perform sexual functions. Those with this condition may also experience numbness in the genital or saddle areas and difficult urination. An acute, undiagnosed case of cauda equinosis may require surgery to relieve pressure and restore normal function.

A patient with cauda equina syndrome should undergo diagnostic testing. Symptoms may include low back pain, numbness in the legs, and weakness in one or both legs. It can also result in other medical conditions. MRI is a powerful tool for examining the condition. In severe cases, it can even be fatal. However, a patient with CES should seek immediate medical care.

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