Guide to Spinal Cord Injuries

Allen BeasleyJanuary 21, 2022

Spinal Cord Contusions & Compressions

Spinal cord compressions and contusions can cause a number of symptoms. The type of injury and the degree of damage determines the course of treatment. Cold therapy may occasionally reduce discomfort and encourage decompression. Cryotherapy or conventional cold compresses and wraps can be used for this treatment. A thorough workup can be required if a patient exhibits more serious symptoms, such as bilateral muscle weakness, loss of deep tendon reflexes, or bowel or bladder incontinence.

The difference between contusions and compressions

Spinal contusions

Spinal cord contusions are uncomfortable but not life-threatening. Inflammation, swelling, and injury to the spinal cord can cause excruciating pain and immobility. Excessive spinal pressure can interfere with nerve signals and affect the heart. Due to the severity of these wounds, appropriate care is necessary to regain mobility. Your health should recover within a few days to a week after receiving the right care.

Spinal compressions

Spinal cord compressions are caused by the vertebrae pressing down on the spinal cord. This can happen due to a herniated disc, osteoarthritis, or bone cancer. The pressure exerted on the nerves can result in pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness. Spinal cord compressions require immediate medical attention as they can cause permanent damage.

Spinal Cord Injury: What You Need to Know

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is a medical emergency. It can happen to anyone at any age, but is most common in young adults between the ages of 16 and 30. SCIs can be caused by many things, including car accidents, falls, sports injuries, and violence.

SCIs can cause paralysis below the level of the injury. In other words, if the spinal cord is injured in the neck, the person may lose the use of their arms and legs. If the injury is in the lower back, they may lose the use of their legs.

SCIs can also cause other problems, such as pain, loss of sensation, problems with bowel and bladder control, and sexual dysfunction.

Most people with SCIs need lifelong care. They may need help with activities of daily living, such as dressing, bathing, and eating. They may also need help with medical care and rehabilitation.

Spinal Cord Injuries: Causes

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious and potentially life-changing event. It occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord, which is the bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of your back. This damage can cause a loss of feeling or movement in parts of your body.

There are many causes of SCI, but the most common is a sudden, traumatic event, such as a car accident or a fall. Other causes include:

• Sports injuries

• Gunshot wounds

• Knife wounds

• Spinal cord tumors

Spinal Cord Injuries: Symptoms

Contusion symptoms

The symptoms of a spinal cord contusion vary depending on the location and severity of the injury. You may experience any of the following:

– Pain in the affected area

– Spasms

– Muscle weakness

– Loss of sensation

– Loss of bowel or bladder control

Compression symptoms

The symptoms of a spinal cord compression depend on how much pressure is exerted on the nerves. You may experience any of the following:

– Pain

– Numbness

– Tingling

– Weakness

– Loss of sensation

– Loss of bowel or bladder control

Spinal Cord Injuries: Treatments

The type of damage and the severity of the symptoms determine the best course of action for treating spinal cord compressions and contusions. Rest and close observation are usually enough to cure the illness. To relieve the strain on the spinal cord and drain the blood hematoma, surgery may be necessary if the inflammation is severe. Patients might also need corticosteroids to lessen swelling and stop future harm. Unfortunately, the problem may be so serious in some instances that additional therapy is required.

Cauda Equina Syndrome

A severe form of spinal stenosis known as cauda equina syndrome causes all of the lower back’s nerves to suddenly become severely compressed.

Numbness in the legs and spinal cord displacement are symptoms of cauda equina syndrome. Sexual, bowel, and bladder dysfunction are some of the symptoms of the condition. They might be brought on by a herniated disc as well. Cauda equina syndrome must be accurately diagnosed by meticulous examination. In cases of extreme limb weakness and genital and anal numbness, a medical specialist should be sought.

A patient with cauda equina syndrome has to get tested for the condition. Low back pain, leg numbness, and weakness are among the symptoms that can occur. Additionally, it may lead to additional health issues. An effective tool for assessing the disease is MRI. It may potentially be lethal in extreme circumstances. However, a patient with CES has to get help right away.

Spinal cord injuries can be life-changing, causing a loss of feeling or movement in parts of the body. They can also cause pain, loss of sensation, problems with bowel and bladder control, and sexual dysfunction. Most people with SCIs need lifelong care. Treatment for spinal cord injuries depends on the severity of the symptoms and may include surgery, rest, corticosteroids, and rehabilitation.


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